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MELODIC MUSIC


Melodic music is a term that covers various genres of non-classical music which are primarily characterised by the dominance of a single strong melody line. Rhythm, tempo and beat are subordinate to the melody line or tune, which is generally easily memorable, and followed without great difficulty. Melodic music is found in all parts of the world, overlapping many genres, and may be performed by a singer or orchestra, or a combination of the two.

In the west, melodic music has developed largely from folk song sources, and been heavily influenced by classical music in its development and orchestration. In many areas the border line between classical and melodic popular music is imprecise. Opera is generally considered to be a classical form. The lighter operetta is considered borderline, whilst stage and film musicals and musical comedy are firmly placed in the popular melodic category. The reasons for much of this are largely historical.

Other major categories of melodic music include music hall and vaudeville, which, along with the ballad, grew out of European folk music. Orchestral dance music developed from localized forms such as the jig, polka and waltz, but with the admixture of Latin American, negro blues and ragtime influences, it diversified into countless sub-genres such as big band, cabaret and Swing. More specialized forms of melodic music include military music, religious music. Also video game music is often melodic.

Some of the greatest Melodic Music artists are:::

  • Irving Berlin
  • Noel Coward
  • Noel Gay
  • Oscar Hammerstein II
  • Lionel Monckton
  • Jacques Offenbach
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ELECTRONICA!

Electronic music that does not fall into the new age, techno or dance categories are often referred to as “left-field” or “electronica” (although there are critics who maintain that the term “electronica” is an invention of the media). Styles of electronica include ambient, downtempo, illbient and trip-hop (among countless others, see list of electronic music genres), which are all related in that they usually rely more on their atmospheric qualities than electronic dance music, and make use of slower, more subtle tempos, sometimes excluding rhythm completely.  electronica waves Electronica was made possible by advancements in music technology, especially electronic musical instruments, synthesizers, music sequencers, drum machines and digital audio workstations. Early forms of electronic music required large amounts of complex equipment and multiple operators for live performances, and multiple engineers to record the music at high quality. As the technology developed, it became possible for individuals or smaller groups to produce electronic songs and recordings in smaller studios, even in project studios. At the same time, computers facilitated the use of music “samples” and “loops”as construction kits for sonic compositions.This led to a period of creative experimentation and the development of new forms, some of which became known as electronica.

 

Sub-genres::

  • Bitpop
  • Chip
  • DowntempoDJ with electronica tools
  • Glitch
  • IDM
  • Nu jazz
  • Trip hop

Fusion Genres

  • Dubtronica
  • Folktronica
  • Funktronica
  • Livetronica
  • Post rock
  • Eurodisco
  • Electronicore

IDM (an abbreviation for intelligent dance music) is an elusive and confusing genre classification that can only be truly defined by flagbearers and flagburners like Aphex Twin and Autechre.

All electronic music owes at least its historical existence to early pioneers of tape experiments known as musique concrète, such as John Cage, Pierre Schaeffer and Karlheinz Stockhausen, as well as early synthesists like Wendy Carlos (aka Walter Carlos), Jean-Michel Jarre, and Morton Subotnick .

electronica devotion

ELECTRONIC DANCE MUSIC {EDM}

Although many artists in the 50s and 60s created pure electronic music with pop structures, fully formed electronic dance music as we know it today really emerged in 1977 with Giorgio Moroder’s From Here to Eternity album.

Electronic dance music (EDM) is produced primarily for the purposes of use within a nightclub setting, or in an environment that is centered upon dance-based entertainment. The music is largely created for use by disc jockeys and is produced with the intention of it being heard in the context of a continuous DJ set.

Electronic dance music is a broad set of percussive music genres.There are now many subgenres of electronic music, these include: techno (mechanical sounding dance music featuring little melody and more noise), trance music (with a distinct style of instrumentation focused on complex, uplifting chord progressions and melodies), Goa trance (spawning from industrial music and tribal dance, focusing on creating psychedelic sound effects within the songs), house music (fully electronic disco music), big beat (using older drum loops and more melodic elements sampled and looped), drum and bass (an offshoot of hardcore and Jamaican dancehall, utilizing quick tempos with sampled break beats, most notably the amen break and the funky drummer), gabber or gabba, (a Dutch development on techno, which features extremely high tempos and lots of overdrive and distortion on the music, especially the base drum being distorted into a square wave tone), happy hardcore (a slightly more palatable version of Gabba, fusing elements of drum and bass as well). Of these subgenres, trance is probably the most widespread. Electronic dance music is often composed to fit easily into a live DJ set.

ELECTRONIC MUSIC!

Electronic music started with the invention of the synthesizer.Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instrument and electronic music technology in its production.Purely electronic sound production can be achieved using devices such as the Theremin, sound synthesizer and computer.

Some subcategories of electronic music include

  • electronic dance music
  • space
  • new age
  • ambient
  • the catch-all “electronica

which can sometimes include all of the above electronic sub-genres.

 

One of the first people to popularize the synthesizer was Wendy Carlos who performed classical music on the synthesizer on the recording Switched-On Bach. Space music was popularized by the group Tangerine Dream, among others, as a precursor to new age music. New age music served to support and perpetuate the values of the new age movement. Though there is some overlap between the various sub-genres of electronic music, Brian Eno, the creator of ambient music, claimed that ambient had a bit of “evil” in it, whereas new age music did not. Eno’s creation was less values-driven than new age; his goal was to create music like wallpaper, insofar as the listener could listen to or easily ignore the music. Naturally, many people have met electronic music also in the form of video game music.

 

In recent years, as computer technology has become more accessible and music software has advanced, interacting with music production technology is now possible using means that bear no relationship to traditional musical performance practices: for instance, laptop performance (laptronica) and live coding.In general, the term Live PA refers to any live performance of electronic music, whether with laptops, synthesizers, or other devices.

In the last decade, a number of software-based virtual studio environments have emerged, with products such as Propellerhead’s Reason and  Ableton Live finding popular appeal.

 

COUNTRY MUSIC

Country music is usually used to refer to honky tonk today. Emerging in the 1930s in the United States, honky tonk country was strongly influenced by the blues, as well as jug bands (which cannot be properly called honky tonk).Country music (or country and Western) is a blend of traditional and popular musical forms traditionally found in the Southern United States and the Canadian Maritimes that evolved rapidly beginning in the 1920s.

In the 1950s, country achieved great mainstream success by adding elements of rock and roll; this was called rockabilly. In addition, Western swing added influences from Swing and bluegrass emerged as a largely underground phenomenon. Later in the decade, the Nashville sound, a highly polished form of country music, became very popular. In reaction to this, harder-edged, gritty musicians sprung up in Bakersfield, California, inventing the Bakersfield sound. Merle Haggard and similar artists brought the Bakersfield sound to mainstream audiences in the 1960s, while Nashville started churning out country politan. During the 1970s, the most popular genre was outlaw country, a heavily rock-influenced style. The late 1980s saw the Urban Cowboys bring about an influx of pop-oriented stars during the 1990s. Modern bluegrass music has remained mostly traditional, though progressive bluegrass and close harmony groups do exist, and the sound is the primary basis for jam bands like the Grateful Dead.

Major Artists are::

  • Gram Parson (The Rolling Stones)
  • Dolly Parton
  • Lynn Anderson

ROCK

Rock, in its broadest sense, can refer to almost all popular music recorded since the early 1950s. Its earliest form, rock and roll, arose from multiple genres in the late 1940s, most importantly jump blues. It was first popularized by performers like Bill Haley, Dan and the Huberettes, and Elvis Presley, who fused the sound with country music, resulting in rockabilly. In addition, gospel music and a related genre, R&B (rhythm and blues), emerged later in the decade. R&B soon became one of the most popular genres, with girl groups, garage rock and surf rock most popular in the US, while harder, more blues-oriented musicians became popular in the UK, which soon developed into British blues, merseybeat, mod and skiffle.

Starting the mid-1960s, a group of British bands that played variations on American R&B-influenced blues became popular on both sides of the Atlantic — the British Invasion, a catchall term for multiple genres. These groups, including the Beatles, fused the earlier sounds with Appalachian folk music, forming folk rock, as well as a variety of less-popular genres, including the singer-songwriter tradition. Early heavy metal and punk rock bands formed in this period, though these genres did not emerge as such for several years.

The most popular genre of the British Invasion was psychedelic music, which slowly morphed into bluegrass-influenced jam bands like the Grateful Dead and ornate, classically-influenced progressive rock bands. Merseybeat and mod groups like The Yardbirds and The Who soon evolved into hard rock, which, in the early 1970s specialized into a gritty sound called glam rock, as well as a mostly underground phenomenon called power pop. In the early to mid-1970s, singer-songwriters and pop musicians led the charts, though punk rock and krautrock also developed, and some success was achieved by southern rock and roots rock performers, which fused modern techniques with a more traditionalist sound.

 

The sound of rock often revolves around the electric guitar, bass guitar, drums, and keyboard instruments such as piano, synthesizers. Rock music typically uses simple unsyncopated rhythms in a 4/4 meter, with a repetitive snare drum back beat on beats two and four.Guitar solos feature prominently in rock music.

Rock music is a huge umbrella under which many sub-genre related or derived from rock comes few of the most popular sub-genres of rock and there respective legend artists are

  • Garage rock :: The Fiflth Estate
  • Pop rock :: The Everly Brothers
  • Blues rock :: Eric Clapton
  • Folk rock :: Bob Dylan
  • Psychedelic rock :: Jimi Hendrix
  • Roots rock :: The Eagles
  • Soft rock :: James Taylor
  • Hard rock :: Queen, AC/DC
  • Heavy Metal :: Deep Purple, Black Sabbath
  • Punk rock :: U2
  • New Wave rock :: Iron Maiden
  • Grunge :: Nirvana

And the list continues………..

The worldwide popularity of rock music meant that it became a major influence on culture, fashion and social attitudes. Different sub-genres of rock were adopted by, and became central to, the identity of a large number of sub-cultures.

 

RHYTHM & BLUES!

Rhythm and blues is a name for black popular music tradition. When speaking strictly of “rhythm ‘n’ blues”, the term may refer to black pop-music from 1940s to 1960s that was not jazz nor blues but something more lightweight. The term “R&B” often refers to any contemporary black pop music. A notable sub-genre of rhythm ‘n’ blues was doo-wop, which put emphasis on polyphonic singing.

History

The migration of African Americans to the urban industrial centers of Chicago,Detroit, New York, Los Angeles and elsewhere in the 1930s created a new market for jazz, blues, and related genres of music.

In the early 1960s rhythm ‘n’ blues took influences from gospel and rock and roll and thus soul music was born. In the late 1960s, funk music started to evolve out of soul; by the 1970s funk had become its own subgenre that stressed complex, “funky” rhythm patterns and monotonistic compositions based on a riff or two. In the early to mid 1970s, hip hop music (also known as “rap”) grew out of funk and reggae. Funk and soul music evolved into contemporary R&B (no longer an acronym) in the 1980s.

Rhythm and blues bands usually consisted of piano, one or two guitars, bass, drums, and sax.Lyrics seem fatalistic and the music feels somehow inevitable.Few of the early artists who gave a new definition to R&B are

  • Louis Jordan
  • Paul William
  • Jimmy Witherspoon