RHYTHM & BLUES!
Rhythm and blues is a name for black popular music tradition. When speaking strictly of “rhythm ‘n’ blues”, the term may refer to black pop-music from 1940s to 1960s that was not jazz nor blues but something more lightweight. The term “R&B” often refers to any contemporary black pop music. A notable sub-genre of rhythm ‘n’ blues was doo-wop, which put emphasis on polyphonic singing.
The migration of African Americans to the urban industrial centers of Chicago,Detroit, New York, Los Angeles and elsewhere in the 1930s created a new market for jazz, blues, and related genres of music.
In the early 1960s rhythm ‘n’ blues took influences from gospel and rock and roll and thus soul music was born. In the late 1960s, funk music started to evolve out of soul; by the 1970s funk had become its own subgenre that stressed complex, “funky” rhythm patterns and monotonistic compositions based on a riff or two. In the early to mid 1970s, hip hop music (also known as “rap”) grew out of funk and reggae. Funk and soul music evolved into contemporary R&B (no longer an acronym) in the 1980s.
Rhythm and blues bands usually consisted of piano, one or two guitars, bass, drums, and sax.Lyrics seem fatalistic and the music feels somehow inevitable.Few of the early artists who gave a new definition to R&B are
- Paul William
- Jimmy Witherspoon